Economics is the study of humanity’s material well-being, but humans have rarely thought past their immediate economic self-interest, even when the long-term prospects were obviously suicidal, such as today’s global energy paradigm. Because environmental issues affect humanity’s material well-being, they are economic in nature. As can be seen so far in this essay, there was little awareness or seeming caring in early civilizations whether they were destroying the very foundations of their civilizations. Even if they did not care how much other life forms suffered, they did not seem to realize that it also meant that those oppressed and exterminated organisms and wrecked environments would not provide much benefit to humanity in the future, especially energy, whether it was food or wood.
The rise of science, industry, capitalism, and the Enlightenment cannot be effectively separated from Europe’s conquest of the world. They were profoundly interrelated and began with the rise of and , but its ascent became steep when Europeans . Europe’s incessant wars, with , made Europeans an irresistible force. When they rode low-energy transportation lanes to distant lands, the rest of humanity never had a chance. Europe raped and plundered humanity on an unprecedented scale, and as with Roman imperial ideology, there was little consideration shown to the world’s peoples, in practice or theory, by Europeans. They ravaged humanity because they .
Definition and Examples of Cause and Effect in Essays
From the , elites have played the same basic games, which were concerned with gaining economic power as a means to political power. All ruling classes . The elites of city-states, whether they were in Mesopotamia or Mesoamerica, tried to militarily conquer their neighbors and form larger polities. Nations and empires have constantly formed, fragmented, and fallen over the millennia, and they almost always disintegrated because they ran out of energy. Greed and can never be satiated, and those in their thrall continually feed their addictions. often become successful politicians and corporate executives, as their affliction is advantageous in organizations in which amassing wealth and power are primary goals. For those who have encountered today’s ultra-elite and lived to tell about it, the evils that they relate about such environments are difficult for “normal” people to understand. Those at the top have elevated greed and a lust for power to nearly inconceivable levels. Just as John Rockefeller hired talented psychopaths, so do the GCs. I have encountered their agents and they talented; I will grant them that. The tried to blame my former partner for her death . He probably worked for the GCs, but was a contract agent, as many are. He later defrauded the public with the same tactics he used to help destroy our company, as did another contract agent provocateur, . People like them do not have consciences.
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As Minoan civilization collapsed and Mycenaean civilization expanded, the forests of Cyprus were the next to go. Beginning around 1300 BCE, Cyprus, with largely intact forests and rich copper deposits, became the center of bronze production, and a deforestation effort even more spectacular than Crete’s commenced. Again, Crete and Cyprus once , and in the pre-deforestation period on Cyprus, pigs roamed the forests. As the moist woodlands quickly disappeared, pigs could no longer be raised, and goats and sheep were introduced to graze the denuded hillsides. Mycenaean Greeks also rapidly deforested the Peloponnesian Peninsula, but they took steps to at least try to protect their urban areas from the flooding and erosion that deforestation caused, by building dams and dikes to prevent and redirect floods. The Cypriots took no such measures, and torrents and silt washed down the exposed hillsides and quickly buried and washed away towns and filled harbors. By 1100 BCE, the harbor was completely filled with silt and its use as a port ended. Similarly, quickly silted up and changed from a coastal city to an inland one that was often flooded with mud and debris from the hillsides. In 1050 BCE, the town was abandoned, as well as 90% of Cyprus's settlements. In less than three centuries, Cyprus was turned from a heavily forested island into a deserted wasteland, and the collapse of Cyprus ushered in the Mediterranean’s Iron Age.