Entering on the subject, he tell us, that all commit faults even when they think themselves free from them; and he praises the saying of Æsop, that all men wear two cloaks, by means of which our own faults are concealed from view, whilst we readily see the faults of others; and he dwells on the extreme blindness exhibited to our own faults respectively,—whilst so ready to point out to others those which they possess. The whole book is one of morals, and well deserves attention; the emotions and passions of the mind are noticed, and their excess denounced; and a knowledge of oneself, as far as possible, is strongly recommended. He states the absurdities in which, in youth, his anger plunged him, and his successful endeavours to amend, which gradually improved. He relates the effects of anger which he had seen, one of which was of the Emperor Adrian, and gives some rules against the passions. He compares the passion of anger, to the horse and dog; and concupiscence, intemperance, and lust, to the boar and goat; accompanying all his views with many sensible observations, praising temperance in all things; he speaks of contention, ambition, envy, &c., of the faults and depravities of youth, even by nature as well as from education, and the various ways in which exhibited; some are naturally quarrelsome, thieves, gluttons, liars, &c.,—and they differ in manners as well as in diseases, in their grades of modesty and decorum, of memory, prompt to learn, or idleness, &c; and he dwells on the importance of a correct education, which is analogous to the culture of plants, yet not always able to overcome evils of early establishment.
If it is merely a descent of the womb, we should if possible anoint it with some fetid substance of any kind, such as oil of cedar, or the pulp of garlic or onions, or even something more unpleasant. We also employ fumigations, taking care not to burn the parts. During this time we avoid drinks and diuretics; as also washing with warm water. When the womb ascends and there is no longer any obstruction, we use aromatic fumigations of an agreeable odour, such as myrrh, balsam, or any other heating article of the same nature; we bathe with hot wine and employ diuretics. We know when the womb ascends that there is no obstruction, from the flow of the menses; if it is obstructed they are suppressed. We must then begin with fumigations as follows. After boiling figs in wine, we put the decoction into the half of a gourd, divided in two parts, one-half of which serves as a cover, in which is a hole to direct the steam towards the womb, by means of this small aperture. Hot water is added, as necessary; after which, the hot remedies mentioned are to be employed, together with the dung and gall of an ox, alum, galbanum, and such like. We purge frequently with elaterium, which also vomits in delicate temperaments, by which superpurgation is prevented. If strong pessaries are required, take honey boiled one-half away, and incorporate it with the heating remedies above mentioned: after the mixture is made, pessaries are formed from it, long and slender like suppositories. Place the woman on her back, her feet elevated and separated, in order to introduce the pessary, and maintain it in its place by cloths or other material, warmed, so as to promote relaxation, and gradual melting of the pessary. If less active ones are required, they may be enveloped in fine linen. When the womb is over-moistened by humours, which swell its mouth, and prevent the menstrual flow, we must apply to it perfumes, &c., similar to those mentioned in a previous case, when speaking of the descent of the womb as obstructing the expected catamenial discharge. When this discharge is too abundant, we must avoid heating by means of warmth or other calefacients, nor must we use diuretic drinks or laxative diet; the patient should sleep in a bed elevated at the feet, to obviate the flow of blood towards the womb, and astringents should at the same time be prescribed. Menstruation, when regular, shows its appropriate sanguine character; but when it is irregular, it becomes somewhat purulent. Young persons discharge good blood, but in aged persons, it is mixed with much mucosity.
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