The key measurement in Japanese architecture, which figures in the description of the various structures in the shinden-zukuri estate, is the space marked off between a pair of pillars. This space, usually translated into English as "bay," is what determines the size of a room or building, which is invariably laid out on a sort of grid. The bay is measured from the midpoint of one pillar to the midpot of the next. This measurement in Heian Japan -- at least as concerns shinden-zukuri architectural standards -- was one jô, or ten feet. This means the actual interstice between two pillars was nine feet.
Nov. 7-Jan. 31The 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami left its mark on all who live in or are connected to Japan, including many of the country's architects. The destruction it caused made many realize that there are times when, no matter how ...
Japanese Essay - united architects - essays | essay …
Portuguese sailors blown off course in the mid-sixteenth century were the first Europeans to set foot in Japan. The Spanish soon followed, and eventually the Dutch and the British found their way to Japan too. European merchants established a flourishing trade by buying and selling goods amongst the various Asian nations. Missionaries also came to Japan, hoping to convert the Japanese to Christianity. They enjoyed some success in the southwestern island of Kyūshū, where a few daimyō became Catholic and ordered those living in their domains to convert as well. The Europeans were strange curiosities to the Japanese, and folding-screens of them—known as namban byōbu—show them as Japanese artists saw them, with balloon pants, high frill collars, long noses, and people of color attending them as slaves.
Influence of Japanese Architecture on Frank Lloyd Wright
''Easily the most interesting experience I’ve had as a UGA student has been as an undergraduate researcher in Dr. Tina Salguero’s laboratory in the chemistry department. My experience there afforded me the opportunity to present my work at the National Meeting of the American Chemical Society in Philadelphia. I’ve also been given the opportunity to participate in two multidisciplinary, collaborative projects: The Oplontis Project and the Orpheus Relief Project. My work included executing the first-ever scientific materials analyses of ancient sculptures from Pompeii and Aphrodisias, Turkey, during which we discovered the only known use of a rare, brilliant blue pigment named lapis lazuli, in all of ancient Roman architecture.''
The key measurement in Japanese architecture ..
In fact, Johnson rejected a plethora of diplomatic initiatives during the month of February 1965. Appeals were made by Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri, Pakistani leader Mohammad Ayub Khan, Japanese Prime Minister Eisaku Sato, Canadian Prime Minister Lester Pearson, and French foreign minister Maurice Couve de Murville. British Prime Minister Harold Wilson issued a statement on February 8 backing U.S. air strikes against North Vietnam but also instructed his ambassador in Washington, Lord Harlech, to meet with administration officials and request a new Geneva conference. In Rome, Pope Paul VI called for a negotiated settlement to the war sponsored and guaranteed by the United Nations. On February 24, UN Secretary-General U Thant, having tried and failed to broker a peace agreement, appealed directly to the American people, suggesting that the Johnson administration had not been fully candid about its war plans and operations:
Essay on Architecture by Henning Larsen Architects - …
Each area of emphasis pays equal attention to the four language skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing. Graduates should be able to read diverse texts in Chinese, Japanese, or Korean, with little external help except from dictionaries, and should also be able to express ideas about complex social and literary issues orally and in writing.