You can read Tompkins's response in her influential book, SentimentalDesigns: predictably, for Tompkins, who Hawthorne was has alwaysbeen in dispute. In other words, not only have Hawthorne's tales andromances meant different things to different readers and interpretersin different generations but Hawthorne himself has been a differentperson to different generations of biographers. Tompkins, in awonderful passage, cites two examples of biographical descriptions ofHawthorne, each taken from the introduction to the section onHawthorne in an anthology of American literature. The first examplecomes from a 1932 anthology, called Century Readings in AmericanLiterature, whose editor, Fred Lewis Pattee, describes Hawthorneas follows: "'shy and solitary,' 'writing, dreaming, wanderingabout the city at night,' a writer whose Puritanism was a 'pale nightflower' that bloomed amidst the 'old decay and ruin' of a town whosemoldering docks conveyed a sense of 'glory departed.'" The second example comes from the introduction to the Hawthornesection by Hershel Parker, one of the editors of the 1979 edition ofThe Norton Anthology of American Literature. Parker,according to Tompkins, "gives us the 'healthy' Hawthorne ofRandall Stewart's revisionist biography, the Hawthorne who loved'tramping,' drinking, smoking, and cardplaying, who socialized,flirted, and traveled 'as far as Detroit.'"
This five-page-paper explores the underlying theme of good Vs evil in the Young Goodman Brown essay by Nathaniel Hawthorne. The choices Goodman Brown makes are analysis and discussed. Bibliography lists one source.
“Lingering Puritan ideals in Hawthorne and ..
The Scarlet Letter, written by Nathaniel Hawthorne, deals with crime, punishment, and
guilt in Puritan society. The main characters include Hester Prynne, Roger Chillingworth, and
Reverend Dimmesdale. All of the characters undergo a certain degree of crime, guilt, and
punishment. Each of the characters either share the same amount of guilt, or are less guilty then
the other. Most of the sins the characters commit could have not taken place if it was not for the
one sin that led it all on. Hester's sin plays a major role in leading on the sins of others in The
The society in which Hester Prynne lives in frowns upon her. She considers herself to be
a sinful and wrong person stating, "She knew that her deed had been evil, she could have no
faith. ?(Hawthorne 82). Prynne commits the crime of adultery which she should be hung for, but
instead has to wear the letter "A ? on her chest for the rest of her life. Now that her sin physically
remains with her, she constantly is reminded of what she did. Also, Pearl reminds Hester of what
she did everyday, "She looked fearfully into the child's expanding nature, ever dreading to detect
some dark and wild peculiarity, that should correspond with the guiltiness to which she owed her
being. ?(82). This forces Hester Prynne to feel guilt for her actions. Hester has got to be one of
the most guilty of all the characters because if she did not commit the sin she did, then the other
character's guilt would have probably not taken place. Especially the guilt she brings forth upon
Townspeople also look down upon Reverend Arthur Dimmesdale, another main
character in the story. Dimmesdale also commits the sin of adultery. Unlike Hester, his crime
does not reach the public's knowledge until the very end of the story. Dimmesdale states, "If
The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne - The Atlantic ..
Edgar Allan Poe, "Tale Writing—Nathaniel Hawthorne," Godey's Lady's Book 35 (November 1847): 252-56; extract rpt. in James McIntosh, ed., Nathaniel Hawthorne's Tales, 332-35; Henry James, Hawthorne, Literary Criticism: Essays on Literature, American Writers, English Writers, ed. Leon Edel and Mark Wilson (New York: Library of America, 1984), 315-457, esp. 366.
The Scarlet Letter: Hawthorne's Rejection of Puritanism
One school of historicist Hawthorne interpretation has emphasizedwhat Hawthorne's historical fiction says about the time period in thepast in which the tales and romances are set. A classic example ofthis sort of interpretation is Michael Colacurcio's article, firstpublished in 1974 in the Essex Institute Historical Collections(I have to make a plug for the host institution!), entitled "VisibleSanctity and Specter Evidence: The Moral World of Hawthorne's 'YoungGoodman Brown.'" Colacurcio's point about "Young Goodman Brown" isessentially that the story presents Hawthorne's interpretation of thedynamics of Puritanism, especially as practiced in Salem Village, andhow those dynamics led inevitably to the horrendous and misguidedapplication of religious zeal in the Salem witch trials. Todemonstrate his point, Colacurcio explains how certain details aboutBrown make it clear that he is a third generation Puritan—thestory makes it clear that both his father and his grandfather wereSalem Puritans. As a result, Brown finds himself in the specialposition of being from so religiously devoted a family thateveryone—including Brown himself—would have assumed thathe was going to become one of the elect.
In The Scarlet Letter, Hawthorne writes of a woman called Mistress ..
A 5 page paper which examines thepresence of Puritanism and the occult in Nathaniel Hawthorne's "Young GoodmanBrown." Bibliography lists 3 sources.