Fiftieth Gate; History; Memory; Past and Future; Post Trauma;

Yahrtzeit of David "Mickey" Marcus (1902-1948), an American Jew who volunteered to fight for the Israeli army in the 1948 War of Independence. Marcus was a tough Brooklyn street kid who attended West Point and then law school. In World War II, Marcus rose to the rank of Colonel in the U.S. Army, where he helped draw up surrender terms for Italy and Germany. While serving in the occupation government in Berlin, he was responsible for clearing out the Nazi death camps, and then as chief of the War Crimes Division, where he helped arrange the Nuremberg trials. Seeing the Jewish suffering first-hand, Marcus became a committed Zionist, and in 1947 he volunteered to help secure the Jewish settlements which were under attack from hostile Arabs. Marcus designed a command structure for Israel's new army and wrote manuals to train it. His most famous achievement was ordering the construction of the "Burma Road," a winding mountainous path which allowed Jewish convoys to reach Yerushalayim and relieve the Arab siege. Tragically, six hours before the war's cease-fire was to go into effect, Marcus was mistakenly shot by a Jewish guard at Abu Ghosh.
His story became the subject of a movie, "Cast a Giant Shadow," starring Kirk Douglas, John Wayne, Frank Sinatra and Yul Brynner.

Photographs as manifestations of memory assist in the process of understanding the present....

In remembrance of the aliya l'regel to the Beit HaMikdash, many people walk to the Kotel. Those who cannot go on Yom Tov observe the custom by visiting the Kotel until 12 Sivan.


History And Memory Fiftieth Gate Essays 1 - 30 Anti Essays

A debate exists over the differences between the history and the memory of the war.

Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel, Rav Yishmael ben Elisha Kohain Gadol, Rav Chanina Segan HaKohanim, of the Ten Martyrs killed by the Romans (115 CE), commemorated in the Kinah “Eileh Ezkera” we say on Yom Kippur, and “Arzei Halevanon” we say on Tisha B’Av (Megillat Taanit). Once a fast day, (Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 580:2). See above.