This methodological machinery has been employed to describe many systems and processes coupling accuracy comparable to that of the reference experiments with interpretability of the results in terms of molecular models and general rules. The focus has been on relatively fast “local” phenomena tuned by long-range intra- and inter-molecular interactions with comparable or longer characteristic time scales. Space and time multiscale approaches are particularly well adapted to these problems and have been at the heart of the PI’s research philosophy leading to integrated global descriptions of increasing sophistication and reliability, with the long-term perspective of building and validating a new generation of virtual microscopes and spectrophotomers with unprecedented effectiveness. The PI has always advocated the necessity of making innovative theoretical and computational methods available well beyond the circle of developers, especially towards the community of experimental researchers, that often have at hand highly interesting, challenging applications which require appropriate computational/theoretical assistance.
Essays include: Levels and trends in absolute poverty in the world : what we know and what we don't; Stephan Klasen -- Identifying absolute global poverty in 2005 : the measurement question; Michael Ward -- How world poverty is measured and tracked; Thomas Pogge -- Christian ethics and the challenge of absolute poverty; Clemens Sedmak -- 'De iustitia in Mundo' : global justice in the tradition of the social teaching of the Catholic Church; Gerhard Kruip -- Religions and global justice : reflections from an inter-cultural and inter-religious perspective; Johannes Müller and Michael Reder -- On the concept of global justice; Peter Koller -- Poverty and responsibility; Stefan Gosepath -- Absolute poverty and global inequality; Darrel Moellendorf -- Sufficientarianism both international and intergenerational?; Lukas Meyer -- The alleged dichotomy between positive and negative rights and duties; Elizabeth Ashford -- Complicity in harmful action : contributing to world poverty and duties of care; Barbara Bleisch -- Transnational political elites and their duties of the common good; Eike Bohlken -- World poverty and moral free- riding : the obligations of those who profit from global injustice; Norbert Anwander -- Medicines for the world : boosting innovation without obstructing free access; Thomas Pogge -- Not only 'a simple math equation' : business organisations as agents for poverty reduction; Michael Schramm and Judit Seid -- The role of corporate citizens in fighting poverty : an ordonomic approach to global justice; Ingo Pies and Stefan Hielscher -- Global justice in the context of worldwide poverty and climate change; Johannes Wallacher -- Conclusion : the paradox of poverty research : why is extreme poverty not in focus?; Else Øyen
Global history thematic essay june 2011
Torsten Wilholt is Professor of Philosophy and History of the Natural Sciences at Leibniz Universität Hannover. He is also a co-founder of the interdisciplinary Leibniz Center for Science and Society at his university as well as chairman of the joint graduate program of the universities of Hannover and Bielefeld in “Integrating Ethics and Epistemology of Scientific Research”. His research interests include the social epistemology of science, the philosophy of applied science, the political philosophy of science and philosophy of mathematics. His publications include a book on why and in what sense science ought to be free (Die Freiheit der Forschung, Suhrkamp 2012) and one on why mathematics is applicable in the empirical sciences (Zahl und Wirklichkeit, Mentis 2004).