Nietzsche genealogy of morals 3rd essay

But Nietzsche is more at home in the West than the East, and the first essay follows the historical thread of his argument from prehistoric times to his own day. In however sketchy a form, Nietzsche provides an original and alternative view of history. Having never fully escaped the ghost of the Hegelian dialectic [9]. Nietzsche traces the gargantuan battle of opposing value systems over two millennia: Christ as apotheosis of Jewish transvaluation of values; Christianity's eventual triumph of Rome, despite Rome's military victory [10] ; the brief rebirth of the original, aristocratic morality in the Renaissance only to be snuffed out by the forces of German and English populism, which also breathed life into the dying carcass of Christianity; further defeats for the aristocracy during the French Revolution; the inexplicable rise of Napoleon, the last world-figure of consequence for Nietzsche.

Nietzsche genealogy of morals essay 3rd

This belief in truth is born of the ascetic ideal, or more precisely the Platonic, and eventually Christian belief that truth is divine. This suggests a belief in a timeless, objective reality that corresponds to the divine; the importance of the ever-mutable sensory world is minimized by such a view, paving the way for asceticism and much else. Even agnostics suffer from this conception of reality; and in their approach to an objective, godless reality, they "worship their very query as God" (III, 25). Modern history, as championed by Ranke, suffers from a similar malaise in that it asserts little, it describes; historians show little overt will to interpret, to be value-creators. [31] Other strange transmogrifications of the ascetic include the prevalent belief in teleology (which presumably afflicts even Darwinism, in its belief in the inexorable improvement of the species), and the common belief in personal Fate, that things happen for a happen for a reason--echoing Nietzsche's comment in Beyond Good and Evil that most of us are afraid of "looking into the abyss" of a teleologically free reality.

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Nietzsche 3Rd Essay - EFC Inc,

"The Genealogy of Morals" claimed that morality was an invention of the weak (especially the Jews, and then the Christians) to weaken the strong. The sheep convinced the wolf to act like a sheep. This is unnatural, argues Nietzsche, and seeing morality's unnatural origin in resentment at inferiority will free us from its power over us.

Nietzsche genealogy of morals third essay

These may seem like excessively strong claims, and it would be an error to give Nietzsche undue credit for the general rise of secular society in the West, a trend that would certainly have continued without him. Nietzsche's legacy lies in his unique approach to that demise: his invocation of the Greeks as an ideal; his daring to turn the claims of Christianity on their head; to extol the virtues of strength; to mercilessly critique the shibboleths of pity, mercy, democracy, socialism; to brand the motivations of the clergy as wicked rather than merely misguided; to philosophize from an historical, etiologic perspective rather than a rationalistic void; to tackle the claims of science. Of course, Nietzsche's influence extends far beyond the realm of value of theory, casting light on every field of philosophy, as well as many other disciplines.

Nietzsche and Modernism Essay - 1475 Words | Bartleby

Although Nietzsche is now hailed by many as the seminal thinker in post-modernist thought, for a long time serious philosophers considered Nietzsche a Nazi forbear, or even a mere sophomoric ranter, and so thorough criticism of Nietzsche remained scarce until after the Second World War [1]. Surely the efforts of Walter Kaufmann [2] and others to de-Nazify Nietzsche's reputation have had some success, and there has been an inundation of Nietzsche scholarship ever since. It is often overlooked that Nietzsche exerted a decisive influence on many modernist writers--Andre Gide, Thomas Mann, Albert Camus, Henry Miller. among many, many others--none of whom took him for racist. In a sense, Nietzsche has been such a successful philosopher, that, much like Christianity's grip on the society of his day, Nietzsche's influence is so strong on the modern intellectual climate that it is often imperceptible, the very ocean we swim in.

Kierkegaard and Nietzsche Essay ..

After efforts to convey his essential philosophy in a more readily digestible form (cf. Beyond Good and Evil ), Nietzsche's most cogent work finally emerged in The Genealogy of Morals. Despite a continuing lack of scholarly apparatus, Nietzsche's claims of grandeur are kept to a minimum, and the work's three essays [6] are complete in themselves, and feature progressive critical exploration rather than merely his usual lightning insight, although there is much of that as well. The three essays--"'Good and Evil,' 'Good and Bad'; "'Guilt,' 'Bad Conscience,' and the Like"; and "What is the Meaning of Ascetic Ideals?"--investigate closely related aspects of Nietzsche's primary philosophical concern: the origins, persistence and increasingly ill effects of Christian morality on the psychic health of Europe.