A third kind of recognition self-respect involves the appreciation ofthe importance of being autonomously self-defining. One way aself-respecting individual does this is through having, and living inlight, of a normative self-conception, i.e., a conception of being andliving that she regards as worthy of her as the particular person sheis. Such a self-conception both gives expression to ideals andcommitments that shape the individual’s identity, and alsoorganizes desires, choices, pursuits, and projects in ways that givesubstance and worth to the self. Self-respecting people holdthemselves to personal expectations and standards the disappointmentof which they would regard as unworthy of them, shameful, evencontemptible (although they may not apply these standards to others)(Hill 1982). People who sell out, betray their own values, liveinauthentic lives, let themselves be defined by others, or arecomplacently self-accepting lack this kind of recognitionself-respect.
Although in times disrespect is shown by some of the Walawurru members, overall respect is an extremely important aspect in the Walawurru people’s lives....
Respect the Nature Essay - 480 Words - StudyMode
There are many different kinds of objects that can reasonably berespected and many different reasons why they warrant respect; thuswarranted responses can take different forms beyond attention,deference, and judgment. Some things are dangerous or powerful andrespect of them can involve fear, awe, self-protection, orsubmission. Other things have authority over us and the respect theyare due includes acknowledgment of their authority and perhapsobedience to their authoritative commands. Other forms of respect aremodes of valuing, appreciating the object as having an objective worthor importance that is independent of, perhaps even at variance with,our antecedent desires or commitments. Thus, we can respect things wedon't like or agree with, such as our enemies or someone else'sopinion. Valuing respect is kin to esteem, admiration, veneration,reverence, and honor, while regarding something as utterly worthlessor insignificant or disdaining or having contempt for it isincompatible with respecting it. Respect also aims to value its objectappropriately, so it contrasts with degradation and discounting. Thekinds of valuing that respect involves also contrast with other formsof valuing such as promoting or using (Anderson 1993, Pettit1989). Indeed, regarding a person merely as useful (treating her asjust a sexual object, an ATM machine, a research subject) is commonlyidentified as a central form of disrespect for persons, and manypeople decry the killing of endangered wild animals for their tusks orhides as despicably disrespectful of nature. Respect is sometimesidentified as a feeling; it is typically the experiencing of somethingas valuable that is in focus in these cases.
Respect for Nature - College of Charleston
Finally, there are questions about how we are supposed to respectpersons, such as: What standards for conduct and character giveappropriate expression to the attitude of respect? Some philosophersargue that the obligation to respect person functions as a negativeconstraint: respect involves refraining from regarding or treatingpersons in certain ways. For example, we ought not to treat them asif they were worthless or had value only insofar as we find themuseful or interesting, or as if they were mere objects or specimens,or as if they were vermin or dirt; we ought not to violate their basicmoral rights, or interfere with their efforts to make their owndecisions and govern their own conduct, or humiliate them, or treatthem in ways that flout their nature and worth as persons. Othersmaintain that we also have positive duties of respect: we ought, forexample, to try to see each of them and the world from their ownpoints of view, or help them to promote their morally acceptable ends,or protect them from their own self-harming decisions. And somephilosophers note that it may be more respectful to judge someone'sactions or character negatively or to punish someone for wrongdoingthan to treat them as if they were not responsible for what they did,although requirements of respect would impose limits on how suchjudgments may be expressed and how persons may be punished. Anotherquestion is whether treating people with respect requires treatingthem equally. One view is that the equality of persons entails equaltreatment; another view is that equal treatment would involve failingto respect the important differences among persons. On the latterview, it is respectful to deal with each individual impartially andexclusively on the basis of whatever aspects of the individual or thesituation are relevant (Frankfurt 1999).
Respect Nature And Nature Will Respect You Essay
Beyond the question of the ground or basis of respect for persons,there is a further question of justification to be addressed, for itis one thing to say that persons have a certain valuable quality, butquite another thing to say that there is a moral obligation to respectpersons. So we must ask: What reasons do we have for believing thatthe fact that persons possess quality X entails that we are morallyobligated to respect persons by treating them in certain ways? (Hill1997). Another way of asking a justification question seeks not anormative connection between qualities of persons and moralobligation, but an explanation for our belief that humans (and perhapsother beings) are owed respect, for example: What in our experience ofother humans or in our evolutionary history explains the developmentand power of this belief? Our actual felt experiences of reverentialrespect play a significant role in some of these explanatory accounts;what justifies accepting our experience of respect for humans (orother beings) as grounds for an obligation is its coherence with ourother moral beliefs (Buss 1999, Margalit 1996, Gibbard 1990).