The Spoils System Definition and Summary - ThoughtCo

However, Andrew Jackson was quite the contrary, he was exalted amongst the people for being the new era of democracy: instilling a political revolution, the protection of the American people, and social equality among the masses.

 He believed that the spoil system, or rotating office holders often was important.

The 1828 election of Andrew Jackson promoted both a political and social change in America as many began to feel a renewed sense of optimism and hope for America’s future.


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Therefore, Andrew Jackson was a precedent of democratic rule in the United States.


Government employees, many people assume, are a bunch of leeches—the relatives and friends of politicians who got their jobs through patronage. Politicians use government jobs to reward campaign workers and fat-cat donors for their support.

But this is far less true than it used to be. Well into the nineteenth century, most government positions were distributed by the president himself in order to reward political supporters. President Andrew Jackson is often credited with (or criticized for) introducing the "spoils system" as a tool for strengthening the base of his political party. But in 1883, Congress passed the ,, making a portion of all federal government jobs attainable only through a competitive process that usually began with a written examination—a way of making sure that jobs would be awarded based on merit rather than corruption. Initially, only about ten percent of all government jobs were distributed through these means. Today, closer to two-thirds of all federal jobs are distributed through a competitive process overseen by the Office of Personnel Management (the federal government's hiring office). Almost all of the rest are distributed by the individual agencies using their own merit-based criteria. Only about three percent of all federal employees today are appointed by the president or hired outside of the formal merit-based processes.


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Some of Andrew Jackson’s actions and policies promoted the common people, while his other actions exploited the people and created an ineffective democracy.

Spoil system andrew jackson essay.

The Panic of 1819 was a key motivator for the destruction of the Second National Bank for Andrew Jackson and many Americans (Shepard Software “Andrew Jackson”); it left many Americans unemployed and hundreds of businesses bankrupt especially farming businesses.

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Both of Jackson’s brothers and mother had either succumbed to death during the war or illnesses that they could not overcome, leaving Jackson at the age of 14 to live with relatives.

The Spoils System Essay - Anti Essays

Andrew Jackson claimed to be the defender of the common man and some of his actions and policies proved that he was a guardian of individual rights....